Brad Ohlund – Cinematographer and Director of Photography
Director of Photography / Technology Director, MacGillivray Freeman Films

Brad Ohlund has worked in the large format industry for 25 years. Mr. Ohlund attended Brooks Institute of Photography in Santa Barbara, California and, beginning with the classic film To Fly!, has worked on 28 other large format films. His broad and varied assignments include filming underwater reefs in the South Pacific and primitive tribes in New Guinea and Borneo. He has filmed from a plane through the eye of a hurricane and captured on IMAX film the fury of an approaching tornado.

In 1996 Mr. Ohlund was a key member of the MacGillivray Freeman Films Everest expedition. During that three-month expedition, he served as the Photographic and Technical Consultant to the climbing camera team. He was also responsible for filming numerous scenes including the exciting and dramatic avalanche and blizzard sequences. He was directly involved in the rescue efforts during those tragic and historic days in May.

Mr. Ohlund recently completed filming Dolphins, Adventures in Wild California, and Journey Into Amazing Caves and is currently filming the MacGillivray Freeman Films project Coral Reef Adventure.

Jack Stephens –Script Writer

After spending fifteen years as a literary publisher and a professor of creative writing at such institutions as Loyola College and Johns Hopkins University, novelist and poet Jack Stephens embarked on a journey into mysterious screenplays. Now, Journey Into Amazing Caves is the second script Mr. Stephens has written for MacGillivray Freeman Films, having earned his wings with The Magic of Flight. These experiences he found "richly rewarding," even if during the writing of Caves he did find himself "occasionally groping in the dark."

Besides numerous poems, short stories, reviews and articles in such diverse publications as The Washington Post, Sports Afield, Travel & Leisure, and The American Poetry Review; Mr. Stephens novel, Triangulation (Crown, 1990) was called "everything you could want from a first novel" By the L.A. Times. He has also seen the publication of a poetry collection, Vector Love (Haw River Books), and a children's book, The Ballerina & The Gargoyle (The Galileo Press), and has heard his poems set to music by The Contemporary Music Forum of Washington, D.C.

Mr. Stephens earned a Master of Arts at Johns Hopkins University's Writing Seminars, and a Master of Fine Arts at The University of Iowa Writers' Workshop, and has been the recipient of numerous fellowships, grants and awards-from the National Endowment for the Arts, among others. Currently, when he's not immersed in the structure of large format adventures, he is at work on an epic novel concerning the first encounters between the Spanish and the Maya of Central America.

Steve Wood – Composer

Mr. Wood has been scoring films with Greg MacGillivray since Greg's surfing cult classic Five Summer Stories in 1975. Since then, he has worked on over a dozen IMAX films including The Living Sea, Discoverers, To Fly!, The Magic of Flight, Everest, Dolphins, and most recently Adventures in Wild California. Steve worked with Sting on both The Living Sea and Dolphins and worked with George Harrison on Everest.

Mr. Wood was Kenny Loggins' musical director for 9 years and has written many songs with Loggins including "If You Believe." He composed the instrumental interludes for Loggins' "Return to Pooh Corner." He has played with artists such as The Pointer Sisters, Michael McDonald, David Crosby, and Graham Nash. Woods' music has also appeared in other films such as Why Me? starring Christopher Lloyd, Boiling Point starring Wesley Snipes and Dennis Hopper, and Greedy starring Kirk Douglas. He also worked with Stevie Wonder on a Clio-award winning television spot for Hansen's Soda.

Scoring giant screen films has allowed Mr. Wood to develop his interest in and knowledge of diverse ethnic music including Indonesian, Caribbean, Chinese, Tibetan, and Irish styles. He has also recorded folk music in Fijian locations.

Gordon Brown – Cinematographer, Greenland Sequence
Ventana Productions
Winner of five Emmys, Gordon Brown has gained a reputation as one of the world’s leading adventure film directors. Mr. Brown grew up around the pioneers of sports-adventure cinematography and learned first-hand about film, cameras, and the challenges of production in remote corners of the world. A superb technician, Brown also builds and modifies cameras for shooting in difficult locations. Brown has worked as Director of Photography on independent films such as The Face, and has shot and directed many commercials as well as films for network television, including for National Geographic, Discovery, ESPN, ABC and the Outdoor Life Network. Brown's wife Allison, and his brother Mike, also served on the crew in Greenland.
Wes Skiles – Underwater Director of Photography, Yucatán Cave Sequence
Karst Productions, Inc.

Wes Skiles is an internationally known film and video cameraman and photographer, specializing in cave and marine shoots. As an expedition cameraman, he has brought back images from some of the most challenging environments on the planet, including underwater caves in Mexico, Florida and Australia. As a producer, director and cameraman, Mr. Skiles’ work appears on major networks in the U.S. and around the world. His most recent films include: Wakulla 2 Project for National Geographic Explorer, segments for Ripley’s Believe It or Not, The Searchers, a CBS Special about cave diving exploration in the Yucatán; and Wild Things, a syndicated series about extreme wildlife encounters.

Howard Hall – Cinematographer, Yucatán Underwater Cave Sequence
Howard Hall Productions

Howard Hall is a natural history film producer and cinematographer specializing in marine wildlife films. Mr. Hall has produced two large format films: Into the Deep (3D) and Island of the Sharks and he photographed for MacGillivray Freeman’s The Living Sea. Howard, a marine zoologist, has received six cinematography Emmys for films produced for television. He is an Editor-at-Large for International Wildlife Magazine and a Contributing Editor for Ocean Realm Magazine. In addition to the book, Secrets of the Ocean Realm, he has authored a text on underwater photography and three children’s books on marine life.

Hall and his wife Michele are working and starring in MacGillivray Freeman Films' Coral Reef Adventure, slated for release in March 2002.

Tom Cowan – Director, Yucatán "Above Ground" Sequences

Mr. Cowan's 40 credits as Director of Photography on features, television films and documentaries include six large format films. His work on the Yucatán sequence in Journey into Amazing Caves followed The Edge, Antarctica, and Africa's Elephant Kingdom. He's currently Director of Photography and 2nd Unit Director for the large format films China: The Panda Adventure and Director of Photography for Equus. Cowan has taught Cinematography at the Australian Film & Television School and directed workshops at the National Institute of Drama. Journey Among Women, a feature film he wrote and directed, received Most Creative Feature Film Award at the Australian Institute Awards.

Buddy Quattlebaum - Founder of Hidden Worlds Park, Dos Ojos Dive Center

Buddy Quattlebaum is an internationally known cave diver and explorer. Residing near Akumal, in Quintana Roo, Mexico, he has been exploring caves in this area for over 10 years. Recognized as one of the first cave divers to extensively explore the Dos Ojos cave system at Hidden Worlds, Mr. Quattlebaum remains the foremost authority on the Hidden Worlds caves. Among his many credits, Mr. Quattlebaum organized, in 1996, the Ejido Jacinto Pat Exploration Project. This 6-month long exploration established the Dos Ojos system as the longest underwater cave in the world at that time. More recently, Quattlebaum and his exploration team have been pushing the outer limits of cave diving, with the exploration of "The Pit," an underwater cave in the Hidden Worlds system with passages at depths of 390 feet and beyond. This has proven to be some of the most cutting-edge cave diving exploration going on anywhere in the world today. About his experience coordinating logistics for the "Amazing Caves" Imax film, Quattlebaum says: " ...not only was it a great pleasure working with all the pros from the film crew, but after all these years of exploring, my dream of sharing the beauty of these caves with the world was finally realized."

Earl Wiggins – Production Manager
Wiggins Aerial Rigging Inc.

Since 1992 Mr. Wiggins has provided specialty rigging for the film and commercial industry, supporting filmmakers and stunt coordinators with innovative rigging to achieve exciting sequences. His work has included underwater and cliffside rigging, as well as building, bridge, helicopter and stage rigging. Wiggins worked on Mission Impossible II, Cliffhanger, The River Wild, Dante’s Peak, Batman & Robin, The First Wives Club, Batman Forever, Waterworld and other major Hollywood features. In addition to serving as the Unit Production Manager for MacGillivray Freeman Films, Wiggins set up the rig for the Little Colorado River Gorge opening sequence in Journey into Amazing Caves and worked on the large format film, Adventures in Wild California.

Kim Cunningham Geologist, Geo-Microbial Technologies, Inc.

In late 2000, Kimberly ("Kim") Cunningham unfortunately passed away. The MacGillivray Freeman Films team is honored to have had the opportunity to work with Mr. Cunningham in his capacity as a science advisor for Journey into Amazing Caves. Here is a statement from him prior to his death:

"Since I began caving over 27 years ago, I had always hoped that I could contribute in some small way to the infant science of speleology. Finding the rock-munching bacteria of Lechuguilla Cave has fulfilled that dream for me, with the research ramifications hidden beyond my time horizon. From the anti-cancer research to the application of characterizing fossil microbiologic structures on Mars, the research potential of my initial efforts will hopefully keep some people busy for many years to come."

Cunningham worked for Geo-Microbial Technologies, Inc., was an ex-USGS research geologist and past Science Director for the Lechuguilla Cave Project, the original group credited with the discovery and early documentation of the planet's most unique speleological environment. In 1990, using a scanning electron microscope on material he obtained deep within Lechuguilla, Cunningham discovered the bacteria which has since launched scientific investigations like those of Dr. Hazel Barton, Dr. Larry Mallory and others. Cunningham's discovery also attracted the attention of NASA's extra-terrestrial (Mars) research group and a myriad of research projects began.

Journey into Amazing Caves is released in remembrance of Caving and Research Partner, Kim Cunningham.

Arthur N. Palmer Professor of Geology and Director of Water Resources Program, State University of New York, College at Oneonta.

"Cave explorers are often viewed by the general public as rather odd. Why would anyone want to poke around in the dark? But cavers bring to their hobby a spirit that is very special -- they share a curiosity about the world that is absent in most people's lives. They want to know what lies around the next bend. This passion for exploration quickly leads to a desire to know where caves go and how they form. In this way they are drawn naturally into science. Many scientists got their start as cavers. But no matter what their profession, cavers share a special curiosity, love of life, and willingness to commit themselves. Imagine a person's pastimes, profession, and character being shaped by a hole in the ground!"

Dr. Palmer teaches hydrology, geochemistry, and geophysics, and also a summer field course in karst geology at Mammoth Cave National Park for Western Kentucky University. He is an honorary life member of the National Speleological Society and recipient of the NSS Lifetime Achievement Award in Science. He is a fellow of Geological Society of America and the 1994 recipient of GSA's Kirk Bryan Award for his article entitled "Origin and Morphology of Limestone Caves." He is the author of several books on caves, such as "A Geological Guide to Mammoth Cave National Park," as well as several dozen articles on cave origin. He and his wife Peggy have studied caves and their geology throughout the United States and 13 other countries.

Peggy Palmer, Consulting Geologist

"Caves provide a unique view of a world that is hidden to us if we look only at the earth's surface. They also offer a challenge that draws on people's ability to work together, meet difficulties, and face the unknown. On the basis of such experiences, it is no wonder that cavers make up our family of closest friends."

Margaret V. (Peggy) Palmer specializes in consulting on chemical sedimentary rocks. She is the author or co-author of about a dozen articles on karst geology. With her husband Art she has studied cave geology throughout the world, especially in the U.S. national parks. She is an honorary life member of the National Speleological Society. Her main interest is the geologic interpretation of limestone regions, particularly from the standpoint of chemical changes that take place in the rocks over time. Her scientific papers focus mainly on paleokarst - i.e., ancient cave-and-karst regions that are now buried beneath younger rocks.

Jill Yager, Professor of Ecology, Invertebrate Zoology and Freshwater and Marine Environments, Antioch College, Yellow Springs, Ohio.

"Caves are amazing habitats that deserve our care and protection. Whatever we do on the surface affects what is beneath our feet. Caves, especially water-filled ones, are very susceptible to pollution, the effects of deforestation, and misuse of ground water. This movie will introduce many people to caves for the first time, and I hope the audience will enjoy their beauty and walk out with a sense of respect for their uniqueness and the part they play in our environment."

Dr. Yager earned her PhD in Ecological Sciences from Old Dominion University. She conducts research in submerged caves where she studies water chemistry and the animals that live there. She has been a certified cave diver for over 25 years and has explored submerged caves in the Bahamas, Mexico, the Turks and Caicos, Cuba, Bermuda, and Florida. While cave diving in the Bahamas in 1979, Yager discovered an exciting crustacean totally new to science. This crustacean was not just a new species, but a new class of crustacean which she named the Remipedia. Yager continues her study of submerged cave environments and her search for new species of remipedes. Her research has been featured in several television documentaries, including Smithsonian World, 3-2-1 Contact, the New Explorers, and National Geographic's Sea Stories.

Karol Bartlett, Director of Education, The Children’s Museum of Indianapolis

"As children seem to spend less and less time exploring their natural surroundings, we as caring adults, parents and educators, cannot do enough to help them understand and appreciate the wonders of the world in which we all live. Journey into Amazing Caves is another effort at attaining this goal. The dramatic, visual images of this splendid film transport us to unique environments few of us will ever actually visit. It is through this awe-inspiring and knowledge building experience that we all can learn to love and appreciate the earth we share."

Mrs. Bartlett has been in the field of education for over 35 years, teaching grades K-12 with an emphasis on science and the environment. She has also taught college undergraduate laboratory classes in Anatomy and Physiology. Bartlett has been with The Children's Museum of Indianapolis for 14 years. Her past position as Educator/Curator of Science included supervising the ScienceWorks gallery, which she helped develop, The Natural Science Collection, and Ritchey Woods, the museum's Environmental Education Center. She also played the role of lead educator in the development of the What If gallery, a gallery for 6 to 10 year old children. Bartlett serves on a number of national NSF advisory panels for the development of new science museums and/or science exhibits for children

Larry Mallory, Microbiologist, Biomes, Inc.

Dr. Mallory's ground-breaking work has proven that a rich diversity of life totally different from that above ground, flourishes deep beneath Earth. For Biomes, Inc., the company he founded to harvest and research microbes, he's collected and cultured over a thousand previously unknown species of microorganisms from Lechuguilla, Mammoth Caves and the lava tubes and caldera of Hawaii Volcano National Park. His research goal is to collect and culture as wide and varied a sampling of these microbes as he can, using methods he developed, to leave the cave environment virtually untouched. Preliminary tests at Biomes and by the Vermont Cancer Center have shown that some defense toxins found in cave microorganisms are not only anti-carcinogenic, but are a very strong candidate for a new generation of drugs more powerful than those presently available.

Norman Pace, Ph.D., Professor of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder.

Dr. Pace is both a molecular biologist and a microbial ecologist. His laboratory has made substantive contributions in nucleic acid structure and biochemistry, and has led the field in the development and use of molecular tools to study microbial ecosystems. This work has led to the discovery of many novel organisms and has substantially expanded the known diversity of microbial life in the environment. Dr. Pace has received a number of awards, such as the Procter and Gamble Award in Applied and Environmental Microbiology from the American Society for Microbiology and most recently, the 2001 Waksman Award in Microbiology from the National Academy of Sciences.

Dr. Hazel Barton

"Everyone can explore caves, but you should learn how to do it with a minimum impact on the environment, respect the landowners and get the proper training - it's dangerous down there"

Dr. Barton is one of the two featured cavers featured in Journey Into Amazing Caves. Born in Bristol, England, Hazel Barton received a bachelors degree in Applied Biology at the University of the West of England, then moved to the United States to pursue a doctorate in microbiology in Colorado. Prior to her work with Norman Pace at the University of Colorado in Boulder, where she conducts research on drug-resistant tuberculosis, she was an Instructor in the Department of Surgery at the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center.

Visit Hazel's site at